UPDATE: A comprehensive conversation about MDR is available at Dichtung Yammer, with Thomas Fink, April 26, 2017.
A five-year (2013-2018) project, “Murder, Death and Resurrection” (MDR), includes “The MDR Poetry Generator” that brings together much of my poetics and poet tics. The MDR Poetry Generator contains a data base of 1,167 lines which can be combined randomly to make a large number of poems; the shortest would be a couplet and the longest would be a poem of 1,167 lines. Examples of couplets and longer forms are available in 44 RESURRECTIONS, the first poetry collection emanating from the Generator and first e-published by PostModernPoetry E-Ratio Editions. I’ve also written AMNESIA: Somebody’s Memoir, an example of a single poem of 1,167 lines or verse-novel.
The MDR Poetry Generator’s conceit is that any combination of its 1,167 lines succeeds in creating a poem. Thus, I can create—generate—new poems unthinkingly from its database. For example, I created several of the poems in 44 RESURRECTIONS by blindly pointing at lines on a print-out to combine. While the poems cohere partly by the scaffolding of beginning each line with the phrase “I forgot…” (a tactic inspired by reading Tom Beckett’s fabulous poem “I Forgot” in his book DIPSTICK (DIPTYCH), Marsh Hawk Press, 2014), these poems reflect long-held interests in abstract and cubist language (partly as a means to interrogate English whose narrative once was a colonizing tool over my birth land, the Philippines*). Through my perceptions of abstraction and cubism, I’ve written poems whose lines are not fixed in order and, indeed, can be reordered (when I first began writing as a poet, I was very interested in the prose poem form and in writing paragraphs that can be reordered within the poem).
Yet while the MDR Poetry Generator presents poems not generated through my personal preferences, the results are not distanced from the author: I created the 1,167 lines from reading through 27 previously-published poetry collections—the title’s references to murder, death and resurrection reflect the idea of putting to death the prior work, only to resurrect them into something new: sometimes, creation first requires destruction. But if randomness is the operating system for new poems (i.e. the lines can be combined at random to make new poems), those new poems nonetheless contain all the personal involvement—and love!—that went into the writing of its lines. The results dislocate without eliminating authorship.
The math is over my head for calculating the number of poems (in math, permutations) possible from these 1,167 lines. I asked my son’s high school math tutor, Carl Ericson, to calculate it for me. Carl found an approximation formula which estimated that the total poems possible to be generated by the MDR Poetry Generator is a number that has 3,011 digits. Subsequently, Carl’s estimate would be affirmed by Errol Koenig, a student at Johns Hopkins Applied Mathematics & Statistics department. Errol derived the number through the equation 1146!-1146, a number that roughly rounds to 1.129300103 E+3010 [that is, 1.129300103 times 10 to the 3,010th power] – a 3,011-digit number! Since the number of permutated poems is huge, this means I can keep writing making poems for the rest of my life without having to write new text. Are the poems any good? Using publication as a means of answering that question, the poems are just like my other non-generated poems: despite some rejections, there are also acceptances such that a significant number has found publication homes.
The MDR Poetry Generator also reflects what I call “Babaylan Poetics”—a poetics based on indigenous Filipino practices. There’s an image from pre-colonial Philippine times of a human standing with a hand lifted upwards; if you happened to be at a certain distance from the man and took a snapshot, it would look like the human was touching the sky. In a poetics essay in my book THE AWAKENING (theenk books, New York, 2013), I’d described the significance of this image as:
“…the moment, the space, from which I attempt to create poems. In the indigenous myth, the human, by being rooted onto the planet but also touching the sky, is connected to everything in the universe and across all time, including that the human is rooted to the past and future—indeed, there is no unfolding of time. In that moment, all of existence—past, present and future—has coalesced into a singular moment, a single gem with an infinite expanse. In that moment, were I that human, I am connected to everything so that there is nothing or no one I do not know. I am everyone and everything, and everything and everyone is me. In that moment, to paraphrase something I once I heard from some Buddhist, German or French philosopher, or Star Trek character, ‘No one or nothing is alien to me.'”
Within this indigenous moment or space, both intentionalized authorship and the randomness with which the lines are combined from The MDR Poetry Generator are irrelevant—All is One and One is All.
As of this writing, The MDR Project has generated about 140 poems, including those that make up the following poetry collections (years in parentheses indicate confirmed publication dates):
44 RESURRECTIONS (2014)
I FORGOT LIGHT BURNS (2015)
DUENDE IN THE ALLEYS (2015)
AMNESIA: Somebody’s Memoir (2016)
THE CONNOISSEUR OF ALLEYS (2016)
EXCAVATING THE FILIPINO IN ME (chap version; see below for Visual Arts version exhibited at Chromatext) (2016)
One of the poems in HIRAETH offers a chained hay(na)ku version, Post-Ecstasy Mutations, which was published as a Booklet by Poems-For-All (San Diego, 2016).
The MDR Poetry Generator also generated the poem “Pilipinx” for the anthology Puñeta: Political Pilipinx Poetry (Moria Books’ Locofo Series, 2017), which was subsequently reprinted as “PilipinZ” for Love In A Time of Belligerence (Editions du Cygne/SWAN World, Paris, 2017).
Some poems have also generated visual poetry versions, such as “I Forgot Forgetting My Skin Was Ruin” which inaugurated h&, a journal of visual/concrete poetry curated by Ian Whistle. These visual poetry may be seen HERE.
The MDR Poetry Generator also surfaced a poem, “Excavating the Filipino In Me,” which was displayed as visual poetry in “CHROMATEXT REBOOTED,” a visual poetry and arts show organized by the Philippine Literary Arts Council at the Cultural Center of the Philippines, Manila, from Nov. 6, 2015 to Jan. 17, 2016. (Information on the prior “CHROMATEXT” exhibitions is available HERE.) The show was curated by Alfred “Krip” Yuson and Jean Marie Syjuco.
One poem, “I Forgot the Plasticity of Recognition,” also generated a folio of response poems by John Bloomberg-Rissman, Sheila E. Murphy, lars palm, Marthe Reed, Leny M. Strobel and Anne Gorrick. These were published by Otoliths, edited by Mark Young, and may be seen HERE.
While I’ve only written about 140 poems of the possible permutations, a number with 3,011 digits, the generation of already seven poetry collections and other features, as well as positive critical reception — noted poet/fictionist/artist/playwright Eric Gamalinda called one of the books in this series my “best poetry book yet” — suggest both that more is possible as well as that The MDR Poetry Generator has proven itself and more need not be necessary.
An earlier version of the above essay serves as an introduction to The MDR Poetry Generator in I FORGOT LIGHT BURNS as well as INVENT(ST)ORY: Selected Catalog Poems & New 1996-2015. INVENT(ST)ORY also features an Introduction by poet-scholar Thomas Fink who says about the poems:
what makes Tabios’ use of randomness poetically viable in her “forgetting” poems and much other work in this volume, is not only a fine diversity of represented experience, but the felicity of juxtapositions, as well as departures/returns. Take, for example, these successive monostichs from “In the Beginning, Before Words, There Was Poetry”:
I forgot love is always haggled.
I forgot you were the altar that made me stay.
I forgot you wanted to see her seeing herself…
I forgot, for him, she released milk to orphaned baby birds.
I forgot I yearned for amnesia—
I forgot the joy of eliding the vocabulary found in margins.
I forgot the zoo with retired cages.
Insofar as the lines work, they also indicate something about the nature (themes as well as quality) of the work in my first 27 poetry collections. I hope The MDR Poetry Generator also encourages the reader to return to the root source of my prior poetry writings.
*See “Interview” by Purvi Shah in README.